Cases of food poisoning are most often caused by careless habit of eating. Children, pregnant women, and the elderly (elderly) are most susceptible to experience this because their immune system is not as strong as healthy adults in general. If not treated immediately, food poisoning can cause serious complications. Then, what are the symptoms or characteristics of food poisoning to watch out for?
How can you get food poisoning?
Someone prone to poisoning after consuming food or drinks that are not sterile; whose location and method of processing food are not guaranteed to be clean. These foods can be contaminated by germs (whether they are bacteria, viruses, or parasites) from the surrounding environment, for example from dirty water which is then used to wash food or cooking utensils. You can also experience poisoning if the food you eat is prepared and processed by the hands of the person carrying the germ that causes it. For example, the person runs out of bowel but does not wash hands and immediately cooks
The type of food you eat can trigger poisoning if it is not processed properly. Some dishes that are prone to cause poisoning include raw vegetable or fruit salads, raw milk (non-pasteurized), raw meat, and other foods that are not cooked well.
What are the symptoms of food poisoning?
Toxicity can enter the body through the food and drinks you consume, then trigger an infection that gives rise to the following symptoms: 1. Diarrhea Diarrhea is one of the most common features of food poisoning. Diarrhea can appear several hours after eating contaminated food or within 1-2 days later. Diarrhea is a symptom of food poisoning usually in the form of watery soft feces, which sometimes contain food waste; sometimes not (only soft feces). These symptoms appear as an effect of germs that infect the digestive system. Infection makes the intestines work harder, but doesn’t efficiently absorb food and water properly. This then precisely causes the intestines to attract more body fluids. The excess water will pool in the intestine, resulting in a soft, shapeless liquid stool texture. Diarrhea is basically the body’s natural effort to expel the bacteria or viruses that cause poisoning through feces. 2. Vomiting and nausea Nausea and vomiting are also common symptoms of food poisoning. Just like diarrhea, nausea and vomiting are actually the body’s natural reflexes to expel germs that cause disease. The infection triggers the digestive organs to produce more fluid which makes the stomach feel uncomfortable. As a result, you feel nauseous and can end up vomiting. 3. Heartburn and cramps Stomachs that feel heartburn or aching pain, even cramps, often occur after you consume something that contains germs. The sensation of heartburn and twisting appears as the body’s natural response to stimulate the desire of bowel movements. When bacteria, viruses, or parasites invade the digestive system, your stomach will signal to the brain to tell you something is wrong with you. In turn, the brain will instruct the intestinal muscles to twitch and relax repeatedly. Well, the process is what makes your stomach feel heartburn or cramps. The contraction of the abdominal muscles aims to encourage the faeces that contain germs to get out of the body through the anus. Your stomach can feel pain and heartburn up to 1-3 times before finally feeling the urge to defecate. 4. Fever Some people who get food poisoning sometimes experience mild fever. Fever is basically the effect of inflammation in the body, which occurs when the immune system is active against infection. On the other hand, fever can also be a way for the body to raise its core temperature due to symptoms of food poisoning in the form of vomiting and diarrhea. Vomiting and diarrhea cause the body to lose a lot of fluids (dehydration). If dehydration continues, loss of body fluids in large quantities can reduce core body temperature. If you don’t have a fever, a drastic reduction in body temperature can actually cause you to experience hypothermia.
High fever is generally the main characteristic that you are experiencing severe inhalation due to food poisoning. 5. Headaches Dizziness and headaches can be felt as symptoms of food poisoning in addition to vomiting or severe diarrhea Headaches will generally appear if you have a high fever. Complications of food poisoning in the form of dehydration are also generally prone to cause headaches. 6. Limp body The process of infection in the body and all kinds of symptoms that you feel during food poisoning can make the body weak. This is probably caused by the body’s electrolyte levels which are drained completely carried away by liquid faces and vomiting fluids. In fact, electrolyte reserves are important functions to help the body’s muscles work so that they can function normally. If your body lacks electrolyte levels, then you may be limp without energy.
The characteristics of severe food poisoning to dehydration
Actually, food poisoning can recover within 1-3 days by itself. However, this only applies if you get the right first aid. Symptoms of food poisoning that are not handled properly are very vulnerable to cause severe dehydration. In extreme cases, dehydration can be fatal, namely death. If you experience one (or more) of the following symptoms of dehydration from eating poisoning, see a doctor immediately: Can not resist vomiting so that the fluid in the body always comes out Vomiting or feces until they contain blood Diarrhea is more than three days in duration Severe pain or severe stomach cramps High fever body temperature up to 38 C Excessive thirst, dry mouth Little or no urination Blurred vision, muscle weakness and tingling in the arms As a first aid kit to treat dehydration, you can drink more water or drink ORS. Ready-made ORS can be purchased at a pharmacy without having to redeem a doctor’s prescription. Brew the ORS according to the instructions on the packaging, and drink two to three glasses a day. You can also fulfill your body’s fluid needs by drinking tasteless food, like clear spinach. If the symptoms of food poisoning and dehydration that you experience are severe enough, the doctor will recommend that you be treated in a hospital and get an intravenous fluid directly into a vein